Ashtead Potters Marks and Model Codes

Home Figures & Models Commemoratives Advertising Wares Homewares Christopher Robin

This is a quick guide to the sort marks that can be found on nearly all Ashtead Pottery. The Ashtead factory was very precise in its marking system and coded virtually every phase of the manufacture.

mark

The picture above is the reverse of a decorated side plate and is a good example of the various marks to be found.

Starting at the top:

The "Ashtead Potters" stylised tree stamp. This one includes the words "BCM/ASHTD" - this being an early style of post coding which stood for
British Commercial Monomark / Ashtead. There is also the wording "Made in England" either side of a circle. The circle is a date code. (see below for year codes)

This plate carries the artists personal mark of a right-angle and dot, in this instance William Robinson.

By the word "England" is an impressed mark "027". At busy times it is known that the factory "bought in" plain slips to be decorated at Ashtead. This example was sourced from the Wedgwood factory, the "027" being their date code. However, these blanks could have sat on the shelf for several months or years, hence the difference between the Wedgwood and Ashtead date marks.

Next down there is the model number "P8" = plate, size 8. Model numbers are always in upper case. This is followed by "k" for the glaze code and "ep" for the decoration, in this case a tree. There are probably more than 30 known decoration codes. At present the author is trying to compile a list for later inclusion.

Another mark, not shown here, is an inscribed "HT" for hand thrown. Many of the vases and some jugs were made this way as opposed to being "slipware".


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Ashtead Codes

(please note: these list are still being compiled and more will be added as information becomes available)

Model Codes (always marked in UPPER case)

Click on the relevant letter to find the known model numbers :

 

A codes

Comport

P codes

Plates, pot stands

B codes

Bowls, basins, flower bowls, sugar bowls, Porringer

S codes

Saucers, tureen stands, soup bowl stands, toast racks

C codes

Cup

T codes

Preserve dishes and fruit bowls

F codes

"Ashtead" dinner and coffee services

V codes

Vases

J codes

Jugs, tankards, covered jugs, ewers

W codes

"Wigmore" dinner service

K codes

Beakers

X codes

 

Boxes, containers, teapots, covered jars (jam pots), honeycomb dish, bacon dish, soap dish, coffee pot, porringer with cover.

 

L codes

Lamp bases

M codes

Model

AA codes

Advertising wares, Commemoratives and other special designs

 

 

   
"Christopher Robin"  nursery set models and decorations

The known date codes are:

 

Star

1925/1926

star

 

Square

1930?/1931

square

 

Crescent

1927

crescent

 

Plus

1932

plus

 

Swastika

1928

swastika

 

Diamond

1934

diamond

 

There are also the following date codes which have not been positively attributed:   

Anchor

1929?

anchor

 

Triangle

1933?

triangle

 

Circle

1930?

circle

 

early Pieces from the earliest period (1923/4) do not carry a date code. These pieces have a very basic "Ashtead Potters" stylised tree without the "BCM" and "Made in England" legend. earlymark1

The known painters marks are:

 

One dot =

Albert Vincent

Three dots (forming a triangle) =

Stanley Conway

Two dots =

William Dennis

Right angle and dot =

William Robinson

Pieces have also been seen with a triangle, four dots and "L" painters marks but it is not known who the artist were.

The glaze codes (always marked in lower case) are:

 

a

Dark Green

g

Ivory

p

Rose

w

White

b

Yellow

k

Pearl barley

r

Black

x

Opaque white

c

Royal Blue

m

Orange

s

Mauve

z

Light chocolate brown

d

Celadon

n

Grey / green

t

Cinnamon

f

Powder Blue

o

Apple Green

v

Jade Green

The known decoration codes (always marked in lower case) are:

This is a far from complete listing of decoration codes (for the purpose of these descriptions "bands" would be found on the rims of plates and "hoops" on jugs and vases). Can anyone supply any others?

By clicking on the code letter you can see an example of that decoration.

  • ai - clematis and vine

  • aj - green/blue geometric dots and diamonds

  • al - cottage and garden

  • au/4 - geometric pattern - two hoops separated by diagonal lines

  • au/8 - black geometric pattern - two hoops separated by diagonal lines

  • bb - green / yellow ducks on water

  • bc - blue / yellow geometric pattern

  • be - blue / green geometric pattern

  • bf - harlequin hoops (sepia/brown/green/yellow/blue)

  • bk - broad bands (brown/white, blue/white, green/white, etc)

  • bk/6 - yellow/white hoops

  • bk/8 - brown/white hoops

  • bk/13 - blue/white hoops

  • bl - Blue/Sepia geometric pattern

  • bm - Chinaman with kite?

  • bn - fish

  • bo - Shepherd and sheep

  • br - blue/sepia geometric (Greek style) pattern

  • bu - Blue/Sepia swirl and circle pattern

  • bur - March hare

  • cb - August fields

  • cb/k- black/sepia/green/blue vertical lines

  • cd - duck

  • ce - sepia/olive/black bands

  • ce/4 - brown/black/brown bands

  • ch - sheaf of flowers

  • ci - black geometric design

  • cj - rabbit and flowers

  • ck - lady and wigged man

  • cl - chicken / hen strutting

  • cn - sailing ship

  • cp - sepia/black/yellow/white hoops

  • cq - floral design

  • cr - royal blue/powder blue hoops

  • cv - brown/black/olive bands

  • cx - Chinese lantern? geometric pattern (yellow/black/sepia)

  • cy - gamekeeper and birds

  • daz - rabbit & green/yellow geometric border (on a dish)

  • dec - intertwined parrots

  • dy - galleon

  • el - floral

  • ep- trees

  • et - leaves

  • ezz - lady holding a bird

  • fe - owl

  • ff - green/black bands

  • fg - fish blowing bubbles

  • fh - stylized thistle

  • fo - vase with fruit

  • fy - blue/green fern

  • ga - Roe Deer

  • gc - daffodils

  • ge - stylized fish

  • gf - green/blue/yellow geometric spring flowers (daffodils?)

  • gg - green/blue/yellow leaves tied as a bunch

  • gr - royal blue/sepia geometric

  • gt - sepia/black/sepia

  • gy - blue/black bands

  • ha - blue/green sundial

  • hc - Pied Piper

  • hd - knight on horseback

  • hf - crinoline ladies

  • hh - brown/blue/sepia/pearl barley hoops

  • hi - black/sepia bands

  • hm - blue/sepia bands

  • hp - golden brown/sepia bands

  • hu - blue/green bands

  • hz - blue/green "roman" urn with cascading flowers

  • ie - Peasant with birds on a stick

  • jo - spring flowers

  • ju - Viking ship

  • kb - blue/green/yellow flowers

  • kj - spring flowers

  • kl - blue/green hoops

  • kq- green/sepia hoops

  • mb - bird in a bush with flowers

  • me - underwater scene (seaweeds, bubbles, fishes)

   

The author acknowledges Edward Hallam's book "Ashtead Potters Limited in Surrey" as a source for some of this information.

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